Contents

Apart from the treatments, people who are already diagnosed for AMD can take some measures to improve their vision. There are several products available in the market to help people with low vision. This includes stand magnifiers, monoculars, binoculars, video magnifiers, reading machines and absorptive lenses. Most people get discouraged when using a particular device but you should not stop there try out various devices until you find the most suitable one for you.

For those people who already have AMD

For those people who already have AMDApart from the treatments, people who are already diagnosed for AMD can take some measures to improve their vision. There are several products available in the market to help people with low vision. This includes stand magnifiers, monoculars, binoculars, video magnifiers, reading machines and absorptive lenses. Most people get discouraged when using a particular device but you should not stop there try out various devices until you find the most suitable one for you. The lighting arrangement can be changed to suit your need. Try to avoid glare in your home and office. Several types of special lights are available and you can test them for your needs.If you are in the habit of reading, go for large print books, which are available in most libraries. Hand held magnifier can be used to read and view pictures.While writing, write in large letters and increase the font while reading and writing in computers. Patients in the advanced stage can make use of low vision aids. Prevention is better than cureHealthy habits can lower the risk of age-related macular degeneration. If there is a family history of AMD, you should take necessary precautions like consulting an ophthalmologist. As the disease mostly affects adults above 50, they should make periodical visit to the ophthalmologist. Taking nutritional supplements after consulting a doctor can be very helpful for middle-aged people and those with family history of AMD. Researches have already established a direct relation between smoking and AMD. Lutein, an antioxidant, plays a major role in protecting the retina from ultraviolet rays. Tobacco hampers the absorption of lutein. By stopping to smoke, you are not only saving your eyes but also avoid the risk of several other diseases.People with high blood pressure are more prone to AMD. Regular check up of blood pressure and treating it is very essential for avoiding AMD.Pollution has damaged the natural protection against suns rays. So it is wise to wear sun glasses for protection from ultraviolet rays. A high fat diet is an invitation for AMD. A diet high in fruits and vegetables and antioxidants can prevent the disease to an extent. Including green vegetables and fish also reduces the risk. Regular exercise and maintaining an optimum weight are also crucial for preventing AMD. Check Your Vision Daily To Detect AMDAmsler Grid can be used to check your vision at home. It is quite similar to a graph paper and has a dark dot in the center. By using the Amsler Grid, you can detect early signs of AMD. Missing area, blurring, wavy or broken links while watching Amsler Grid can alert you against AMD. Early detection of AMD is very vital for controlling it.An Amsler Grid can be easily printed or you can watch it in your computer screen. 1)While looking at Amsler Grid, make sure that you wear your glasses if you have one. 2)Sit or stand about 15 inches away from the grid. 3)Look at the dark dot in the middle. 4)While focusing on the dark dot, you should be able to clearly see the lines.5)If you see any missing lines or if they are blurred or wavy, immediately contact an ophthalmologist.6)If there is no problem when you watched the grid with both eyes, repeat the exercise by closing one eye at a time. This is because AMD can affect one eye but the other eye makes up for it.

Chronic Daily Headache: Same Old, Same Old

Chronic Daily Headache: Same Old, Same Old

Chronic daily headache (CDH) refers to the unhappy situation in which headaches are present at least fifteen days per month. Headaches can even occur every day or almost every day. CDH is more of a category than a final diagnosis, and different, recognizable patterns of headache are included in this category. It is important to distinguish among the different patterns because, once recognized, they can indicate the underlying cause and dictate appropriate treatment.CDH can occur in the form of either primary headaches or secondary headaches. Secondary headache means that the headache is a symptom of some other disease or process. In this case, the best treatment is the one that addresses the underlying cause. Primary headache means that the headache disorder itself is the disease and is not a symptom of something else.The most common primary headache condition is tension-type headaches. Generally affecting the left and right sides equally, tension-type headaches often involve the back of the head and neck, but can also include the front of the head. These headaches are usually mild to moderate in intensity and have pressing or tightening qualities. Nausea, photosensitivity and sound sensitivity are not prominent in this headache disorder and tension-type headaches do not usually worsen with exertion.Migraine is another common primary headache disorder which, when present more days than not, is also categorized as CDH. Migraine attacks typically last 4-72 hours when untreated. They are of moderate to severe intensity and often have a pulsating quality. They show increased tendency to affect just one side of the head and to include the associated symptoms of nausea, light sensitivity and sound sensitivity. They usually worsen with exertion.While some people have frequent, individual, migraine attacks that span more than 15 days per month and are therefore categorized as CDH, another form of migraine involves a blending together of attacks into a more continuous, never-ending pattern. This usually occurs in people who previously had the more recognizable pattern of distinct, individual, migraine attacks. Just what happens in these cases--or even what to call it when it does happen--is a source of great debate among headache experts. One camp of experts calls it chronic migraine and another camp calls it transformed migraine.To make matters even more interesting, a person can have more than one type of headache, for example, a mixture of migraine and tension-type headaches. When this occurs, the mixture can be difficult to distinguish from the previously mentioned chronic (or transformed) migraine.Two other kinds of primary headache are rarer than migraine and tension-type headaches, and show quite different characteristics. These are hemicrania continua and chronic cluster. Hemicrania continua (hemicrania means half-headed and continua means continuous) is a strictly one-sided headache which can wax and wane in intensity without resolving. It does not include migraines usual associated symptoms of nausea, light sensitivity, sound sensitivity and exertional aggravation. Chronic cluster, like its less-frequent episodic form, involves intense, recurring pain in or around just one eye that lasts for only 15-180 minutes per attack, but which can occur more than once per day. Unlike its episodic cousin, chronic cluster does not go into remission without treatment.Secondary headaches taking the form of CDH can be due to numerous causes. Among them are head injury, arthritis of the neck bones, arthritis of the jaw joints (TMJs), sinus disease, breathing problems during sleep, tumors or other conditions causing increased pressure within the braincase, and leakages of the cerebrospinal fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord.Two secondary forms of CDH deserve special mention--giant cell arteritis and medication overuse headaches. Giant cell arteritis (previously called temporal arteritis) occurs in people who are at least 50 years old and becomes more common in subsequent decades of life. It involves inflammation of larger-diameter arteries supplying blood to the brain and the rest of the head and, untreated, can lead to stroke or blindness. So it is important to recognize and treat this source of headaches before these complications occur. Classically, people with "giant cell arteritis" show a swollen, stiff, tender artery just beneath the skin of one or both temples. When this occurs, it facilitates diagnosis, but giant cell arteritis can still be present in the absence of this tell-tale sign. As a rule of thumb, giant cell arteritis should be considered as a possible diagnosis in every new headache disorder starting at the age of 50 or older.Medication overuse headaches (also known as rebound headaches) occur when a primary headache disorder becomes transformed into an even worse secondary headache disorder via too many doses of as-needed medication. Typically, the primary headache disorders involved are either migraine or tension-type headaches, and the transformation occurs when the headache-sufferer takes need-driven medication for them at least two to three days each week. When the as-needed medication is a painkiller this syndrome is called analgesic rebound and when a triptan drug is used, it is called triptan rebound. Triptans are newer drugs, which include sumatriptan (Imitrex) and rizatriptan (Maxalt), that interact with specific chemical receptors and halt the generation of migraine attacks. The bottom line with "medication overuse" headaches is that they dont get better until the drug that caused them is withdrawn and, even then, can take up to two months to wash out.The group of disorders known as chronic daily headache afflicts 3-5% of the worldwide population and is a source of major disability in the form of lost or decreased functioning at home and at work. While many people with CDH treat them on their own, medical management can reduce suffering and improve quality of life.(C) 2005 by Gary Cordingley

What The Heck Is The Goof Troupe?

What The Heck Is The Goof Troupe?

Simply put, the Goof Troupe is an organization that teaches people to lose weight and improve their health while still enjoying the finer things in life. You know, like pasta, red meat, dessert, frappuccinos, alcohol, etc. You see, the single biggest problem with most weight loss or health improvement programs is that they are NO FUN! They require you to live by some very strict code of do this, dont do that. If you happen to step outside the boundaries of the program, your progress and your state of mind take a painful hit, and you end up right back at square one. Does that sound familiar?The miraculous method by which Goof Troupe members are able to still enjoy the taboo items like those listed above is due to 4 things:1) Structure2) Support3) A reasonable amount of physical activity.4) Proper portion control, nutrient intake, and vitamin/mineral intake.I know, I know it sounds too easy, right? Well, it is both easy as well as effective, and you can start taking advantage of this program right now!People who get a reasonable amount of activity, control their portion sizes, and get the appropriate intake of vitamins and minerals are healthy, they dont carry around a bunch of excess bodyfat, and they can jump off the wagon on a regular basis because they do the right thing the rest of the time.Also, no one wants to be healthy by themselves. Even the most confident and self-motivated people still have the basic human need for positive reinforcement, and a helping hand to keep them on the path to success.Having structure in a health program is just as important as having support. If you had 100 people who were willing to bend over backwards to support the needs of the other group members, but those 100 people didnt have a clue what they were doing, then that group would be on the fast track to failure wouldnt they?In getting back to the question of What is the Goof Troupe, we answer with this:The Goof Troupe is a social group whose members work together to be healthy most of the time, so they can enjoy being UNHEALTHY the rest of the time!A Goof Troupe can contain any number of people, but a typical social group will include at least 3 or 4 people, and as many as 10 or more. The group meets once each week so that all members can take advantage of the group support, tips, and instruction, and those meetings are typically followed up by going out and having fun!All Goof Troupe members utilize the same basic concepts of portion control, healthy eating, and physical activity as outlined in the Goof Troupe lifestyle improvement system, the Tahiti Trim Plan 40 program. The TTP40 program ensures that all members are not only eating the proper portion sizes, but eating often enough as well. 9 out of 10 people who are overweight actually do not eat ENOUGH. The TTP40 program also contains all of the vitamin/mineral supplements that are needed by all people, and it outlines a program of physical activity that ensures that all Goof Troupe members are using more calories than they are taking in. That equates to "weight loss" , by the way! In addition to the weekly meetings, most Goof Troupe members will see each other much more often than that. The Goof Troupes are as much social clubs as they are a lifestyle management program, and members are encouraged to engage in support, social, and health-related activities as often as they like. The Goof Troupe concept is a starting point a guideline for you Pirates of the Caribbean fans! The Tahiti Trim Plan 40 program and the Goof Troupe weekly meetings provide the structure, support, and information that allow all members to "lose weight" , be healthy, and most importantly to have FUN!In addition, the Goof Troupe founders are able to get all Goof Troupe members and leaders a discounted price on the Tahiti Trim Plan 40 products, which means that the program is less expensive than ANY comparable program on the market. Also, people who start Goof Troupes in their areas can get their own products for free, or even make some Fun Money that they can use to enjoy their new found level of health or weight loss!

More than a broken vow

More than a broken vow

Many couples, after all the years of trying to make it work, eventually find themselves at the end of the line. The marriage counseling and other therapies failed to make the marriage work. At some point, one or both persons in the marriage decide to cut all strings that connected them as husband and wife.While separation or divorce may be the only way to secure freedom from an unhappy marriage, the effects of dissolving a partnership that was supposed to last for eternity go beyond the bickering parties. Surely, when a marriage fails, the hurts and pains also hit even those who are not supposed to be involved --- the children.Your children may do away with less toys to play with. They can also learn to live in a simple house and eat simple food. Even if they enviously talk about their peers' palatial homes in the suburbs , they would rather live in a hole --- as long as you are there. Sadly, the children often become part of collateral damage when a war breaks out between husband and wife. In the heat of marital fights, it is often forgotten that children are can also get hurt.No child can easily get over the fact that the very epitome of unity as symbolized by their father and mother can actually crumble before their very eyes. The same persons who preached about forgiveness and second chances are the same people who they to be constantly picking on each other's blunders and flaws. Needless to say, not all children can handle the stress and anxiety brought about by constant parental quarrel. The inner lives of children also crumble when they see that their parents are already headed to Splits Ville.According to studies on psychological problems among children, "stress and anxiety" brought about by traumatic domestic problems can greatly affect the normal flow of activities and behavioral patterns of young children. The more the children are exposed to these horrendous scenarios, the greater the possibility for stress and anxiety to occur. Child psychologists strongly warn parents from showing any form of violence in front of their children. Domestic violence always causes a negative impact on children, making them suffer from intense episodes of fear and anxiety. If left unattended, the repercussions of these traumatic experiences will eventually manifest as aggressive behavior and non-compliance to family authority. Studies also pointed out that, like in the case of school bullies, children are not that capable of handling "fear and anxiety" brought by constant family bickering so they vent out their frustrations by intimidating other children. This is their way of coping with internal stress, understanding that they can't easily dish out their own true feelings to their parents. In addition, experts say that children don't normally manifest these aggressive behavior in the early stages of their life. However, if not therapy is undertaken, these potentially harmful tendencies that appear during childhood may be carried out to their adulthood. Repressed emotions may eventually spill out as aggressive behavior if these are not addressed properly by trained counselors. Fear and anxiety brought about by constant father-mother bickering can also have adverse effects on the physical growth of children. Indeed, children must live in a loving environment. No matter the situation or how big the problem is, they must be protected from any type violence. It's their right. It is the parent's responsibility. It is normal for a family to experience squabbles and occasional emotional crisis. It is good to remember that children can do away with broken toys but having a broken family may just be too hard for them.

Keep Away From the Foods That Cause Gout

Gout is a form of arthritis that causes inflammation, pain, sourness and swelling of the joints, also reducing their mobility. It mostly it affects the joints of the lower body limbs, such as toes, heels, ankles and knees, but it can also affect the joints of the upper body. Gout sometimes affects skin and soft tissue like muscles and tendons, causing swelling and rigidity. There are many factors that contribute to the occurrence and the development of gout, such as genetic predisposition to the disease, renal insufficiency, inappropriate diet and lack of proper exercise. Among all these triggers of gout, the quantity and the type of food consumed seem to play a very important role. In the past, gout was referred to as the disease of kings, as it mostly affected rich people. The high incidence of gout among the rich, noble families in the past is explained by the fact that they had better access to expensive, exotic foods that in present are known to facilitate the development of the disease. Today, many people are still confronted with gout as a result of improper diet, unaware of the damage that some foods cause to the organism. Apart from foods that cause gout, another important factor in the development of the disease is obesity. Gout is mainly caused by the crystallization of a substance called uric acid in the bloodstream, causing arteries to block. In normal quantities, uric acid is neutral to the organism. However, when in excess, it may cause a lot of damage. Uric acid is a residual product formed in the synthesis of purine. Purine is a substance that resides in fat meats, fish, some dairy products and vegetables. Foods that cause gout are rich in saturated fats and purines, therefore contributing to the excessive secretion of uric acid. Among the "foods that cause gout" , the most dangerous are considered to be red meats and some fish. Beef, pork, lamb and seafood should be avoided when suffering from gout. Furthermore, healthy people should control their intake of such foods in order to prevent the acquiring of gout. Other foods like chicken meat, low dairy, grains, green vegetables and fruits are well tolerated among people who suffer from gout. In order to ameliorate the symptoms of gout, foods that cause gout should be excluded from the diet in favor of healthy food. Also, the consumption of alcohol should be reduced, as it increases the amount of uric acid produced by the organism. Smoking can aggravate the symptoms of gout too, slowing the natural process of healing and interfering in the right circulation of the blood. By drinking plenty of water you will help the body in eliminating the excess of uric acid. It is strongly recommended to drink at least 2 liters of water a day. Also, try to reduce the amount of saturated fats from your diet and eat more carbohydrate rich foods such as cereal, pasta and bread. Consume plenty of fruits, as they contain lots of important vitamins and minerals. Fruits like apples, oranges, nectarines and lemons should be a part of your daily menu.

Want To Learn What Are Steroids?

The immense popularity and controversy often make you people keener to know, what are steroids? Most of you might have heard of steroids, but may not know exactly "what are steroids" ? What are steroids? is perhaps the most important question that you direly need to know the answer of. You can get the exact answer of what are steroids from any of the medical experts. You may also get the answer online. There are numerous online sites offering tones of info on steroids and anabolic steroids. isteroids.com is one of the best sites to get the answer of what are steroids? Here is isteroids.com sponsored valuable steroid terms that will really help you know, what are steroids.ANABOLIC STEROIDS also known as anabolic-androgenic steroids or AAS a class of steroid hormones related to the hormone testosterone. Anabolic refers to muscle-building and androgenic refers to masculine growth. These are testosterone derivates or synthetically prepared chemocal compounds to promote general body growth.ANDROSTANES The steroid family from which the androgens are derived.BILE ACIDS & SALTS Steroid acids and salts; the primary bile acids are derived from cholesterol in the liver and usually conjugated with glycine or taurine. The secondary bile acids are further modified by bacteria in the intestine. They play an important role in the digestion and absorption of fat. They have also been used pharmacologically, especially in the treatment of gallstones.BROMINATED STEROIDS Steroids that are substituted with one or more bromine atoms in any positionBUFANOLIDES Steroids derived from various Bufo species and often possessing cardiotonic properties.CARDANOLIDES The aglycone constituents of CARDIAC GLYCOSIDES. The ring structure is basically a cyclopentanoperhydrophenanthrene nucleus attached to a lactone ring at the C-17 position.CHOLANE a steroid with a molecular weight of 330.59CHOLESTANES Derivatives of the saturated steroid cholestane with methyl groups at C-18 and C-19 and an iso-octyl side chain at C-17.CHLORINATED STEROIDS Steroids that are substituted with one or more chlorine atoms in any positionCYCLOSTEROIDS Steroid derivatives in which one or more bridges is formed between carbon atoms at any locant in any of the rings.ESTRANES A group of compounds forming the nucleus of the estrogenic steroid family.FLUORINATED STEROIDS Steroids that are substituted with one or more fluorine atoms in any positionGONANES Steroids that contain the fundamental tetracyclic unit with no methyl groups at C-10 and C-13 and with no side chain at C-17. The concept includes both saturated and unsaturated derivatives.HETEROCYCLIC STEROIDS Steroidal compounds in which one or more carbon atoms in the steroid ring system have been substituted with non-carbon atomsHOMOSTEROIDS Steroids whose structure has been expanded by the addition of one or more carbon atoms to the ring skeleton in any of the four rings.HYDROXYSTEROIDS Steroids in which one or more hydroxy groups have been substituted for hydrogen atoms either within the ring skeleton or on any of the side chains.KETOSTEROIDS Steroid derivatives formed by oxidation of a methyl group on the side chain or a methylene group in the ring skeleton to form a ketone.NORSTEROIDS Steroids which have undergone contraction in ring size or reduction in side chains.PREGNANES Saturated derivatives of the steroid pregnane. The 5-beta series includes PROGESTERONE and related hormones; the 5-alpha series includes forms generally excreted in the urine.SECOSTEROIDS Steroids in which fission of one or more ring structures and concomitant addition of a hydrogen atom at each terminal group has occurred.SPIROSTANS Steroid derivatives containing a fused lactone ring at the 16, 17-position and a spiroglycosidic linkage at C-22. The most common representatives in this group are the plant-derived SAPOGENINS.

Summary

Apart from the treatments, people who are already diagnosed for AMD can take some measures to improve their vision. There are several products available in the market to help people with low vision. This includes stand magnifiers, monoculars, binoculars, video magnifiers, reading machines and absorptive lenses. Most people get discouraged when using a particular device but you should not stop there try out various devices until you find the most suitable one for you.